This is a process in which a fertile woman donates an egg, or oocyte, to another woman to help her conceive. It is a part of assisted reproductive technology, or ART.
The cure is used in cases; when ovaries cannot produce own eggs or egg quality is too low to get successful fertilization or pregnancy. Those cases include: ovarian insufficiency, developmental anomalies, premature exhaustion of ovarian function and premature menopause. Egg donation is also advisable if it is risk of carrying of hereditary disease from mother to children and sometimes can be offered in cases of repeated unsuccessful IVF cycles.
Most of the times egg donors are unidentified. It means recipients will have no access to their personal data and will be unable to establish the identity of egg donor. The identity of the recipient will also never be revealed to the egg donor. Although recipients can have some information about donor physical features like height, weight, complexion, blood type and rhesus factor (RF) if needed. When applying for egg donation program recipient fills in the form with preferred physical characteristics of the egg donor and we will do as close match as possible.
This process is also possible for a woman to come with their own egg donor. It can be any woman known to beneficiary below aged below 35 and with no medical contraindications for egg donation.
We make sure that all egg donors are tested negative for HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Syphilis, have no family history of hereditary diseases and additional testing for specific diseases can be performed by recipients request. Most donors have at least one child of their own. Donors are 18 – 30 years old. According to international regulation we do not accept person older that 35 to become egg donors.
Egg recipient has to be consulted by the physician and provide a doctor’s written conclusion about the absence of contraindication for pregnancy.
After matching both donor and recipient receive hormonal treatment. For donor its purpose is to stimulate growth of multiple eggs and for recipient it is to prepare uterus to receive the embryos.
Efficiency of IVF cycle with using donor oocytes is relatively high and may reach 50%-60% per cycle.